Student Centered Geographic Information Spatial Data Analytical Projects for Government, Private Industry, and Non-Government Organizations.

Tao Tang

Department of Geography and Planning, SUNY Buffalo State

This presentation reports the author advised student GIS data analytical projects both in the classes taught and the student applied thesis studies that in serves to government agencies, private industries, and nongovernment organizations. The general model of this approach is that either the class instructor or adviser reach out to the government or industries to negotiate projects and obtain data for students to do the analyses. Or, students connect to an organization in obtaining the data, and formulate the applied research projects with the faculty for the benefits of the organization. Several student work-on geographic information and remote sensing projects in service to local and federal government, industries, and nongovernment organizations are presented as examples. "GIS Spatial Analysis of Relations of Crime and Family Income Distributions in the City of Buffalo" was conducted by Mr. Craig R. Lewis. Five year summary of crime incident data (2001 to 2005) was analyzed. This study indicated that strong relationships exist between both violent crimes and income, and property crimes and income. The lower the income of a given population, the greater the chance of occurrences of violent and property crimes. "GIS Spatial Analysis of Motor Vehicle Accidents in the Town of Cheektowaga, Erie County, New York" was conducted by Mr. Joseph M. Skowronski. Accident record data from the Cheektowaga Police for 2008 and 2009 was used for analysis. Data gathered includes location of accident, type of accident, and month of accident occurred. Major roads with high volume of traffic in the town, such as the Union Road, Walden Avenue, Genesee Street, and the Kensington Expressway, were found to have high accident densities. Highest number of accidents occur in the Walden Galleria Mall area. More accidents occur in the Winter season than others. "GIS Analysis and Visualization of Lead Contamination Effects to Children in the City of Buffalo, New York" was conducted by Ms. Justine David. Three major datasets were applied to conduct this applied research. These are: a) the population of children ages 5 years and younger, b) the year of built of each residential structures or parcel, and c) soil lead concentration data tested by Chemistry Department of SUNY-Buffalo State as the controlling points of spatial analysis. The results show that the highest lead contamination severities are located in the Riverside, Black Rock, West Side, and East Side areas of the city. These areas also consist a high percentage of children under age five. Ms. Kathleen Hastings conducted the "Spatial and 3D Analysis of the soil contamination at the Luckey, Ohio State" project for the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The Luckey site was used as part of the atomic energy program until the 1960s. Soil contaminated by beryllium, lead, radium-226, thorium-230, uranium-234, and uranium-238. The results of spatial analysis indicate that the USACE needs to remove a wide area of soil at the surface for remediation. Below surface, efforts should be focused on the high concentrations near 3ft in the lagoons and near 6ft in the disposal pit.